Country Name: The Kingdom of Cambodia
Location: 11° 33′ N, 104° 55′ E (Phnom Penh); Southeast Asia, bordered by Vietnam, Thailand and Laos and the South China Sea
Capital: Phnom Penh
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Other Major Cities: Siem Reap (gateway to Angkor), Sihanoukville (commercial port and beaches), Battambang, Kampong Cham.
Religion: Thervada Buddhism (97%), Islam, Christianity, Animism
Ethnic Groups: Khmer (~95%), ethnic-Chinese, ethnic-Vietnamese, Cham, several ethnic minority groups, most located in the northeastern section of the country (groups include: Kuy, Mnong, Stieng, Brao, Tampuan, Pear, Jarai, Radee, Brao, Krung and Kavet.)
Terrain: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Population: 14.1 million (2010 estimate)
Land Area: 181,035 km2
Major Geographic Features: Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River, Tonle Sap River, Bassac River, Mt. Oral
Tourist Attractions: Angkor Wat, Bayon, Temples of Angkor, National Museum, Royal Palace, Killing Fields, Beaches, Eco-tourism
International Airports: Phnom Penh and Siem Reap
Money: Riel (US$1=~4100riel)
Time: GMT +7 hours
Country Calling Code: 855
Business Hours: 7:30-11:00 / 2:00-5:00
Closed Saturday afternoon and Sunday
International Gate Ways:
Phnom Penh International Airport
Siem Reap International Airport
International Border Checkpoints (See Overland Border Checkpoints)
Bavet (Svay Rieng Province)
Kaam Samnor-Koh Rokar (Kandal-Prey Veng)
Cham Yeam (Koh Kong Province)
Poipet (Banteay Meanchhey Province)
O’Smach (Oddar Meanchhey Province)
Phnom Den (Takeo Province)
Dong Krolor (Stung Treng Province)
Visas can be obtained at Royal Embassies and Consulates of Cambodia
Visa on arrival: valid for 30 days, is issued at Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport and most international border crossing.
Visa fee: Business visa: USD25, Tourist visa: USD20.
- Foreigner: USD25
- Cambodian: USD18
- Foreigner: 6USD
- Cambodian: 5USD
Transport From the Airport
Phnom Penh International Airport: On arrival, taxis and motorcycle taxis (motodups) can be hired just outside the arrival lobby. There are no meter taxis. Taxis cost $9.00 for the 30-50 minute ride into the city center. Cheaper, slower and less comfortable, motorcycle taxis can be hired for $2 into town. A taxi to the airport from town costs $9 – $15. Shared taxi for $4/person.
Siem Reap Airport: The airport sits 6km from town. Outside the terminal is a ticket booth for registered taxis into town. Independent taxis and motorcycles wait just outside the airport. The price is the same for both: motorcycles are $2 and cars are $9 into town. Most hotels offer free transportation from the airport but you must notify them in advance of your arrival.
Source from Canby Publications